northern africa http://beyondcompromise.com/2014/04/13/middle-eastern-and-north-african-facial-tattoos/

ancient egypt https://warboar.wordpress.com/2013/10/02/sss/

ancient egypt http://blogs.ucl.ac.uk/researchers-in-museums/2012/12/10/tattooed-mummy-amunet/

4 muslim women research: http://amandaquraishi.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Tattoo.pdf

https://www.facebook.com/261549610621168/photos/a.261592463950216.54888.261549610621168/270150899761039/

https://tribusalgeriennes.wordpress.com/2014/01/24/%D8%AA%D9%82%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%AF-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%88%D8%B4%D9%85-%D9%84%D8%AF%D9%89-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%86%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%A1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%A8%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85/

 

http://raseef22.com/life/2015/09/12/all-you-need-to-know-before-getting-a-tattoo/

http://www.alaskapublic.org/2015/09/17/more-than-ink-traditional-tattoos-roar-back-in-alaska/